In Peru, 2,950 people died diabetes in 2017 according to information from Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), said the president of RPP News Diabetes Association Peru (Adiper), endocrinologist Jorge Calderón.
The reasons why the Peruvians are still dying diabetes there is an increase in population in large cities. Migrant populations accept the harmful lifestyle of cities,
"About 50% of the population lived in rural areas 50 years ago. At present, 95% live in urban areas"It brings changes in the lifestyle of Peruvians," explains Calderón.
Among these changes, we find that most adult family members work. Their immediate attitude makes them consume fast food based on non-alcoholic beverages, fried dishes and meals with a high carbohydrate content.
Since most adults are the longest away from home, children have no one to accompany them to parks to be scattered and perform physical activityChildren stay at home in front of a screen that watches television or plays video games. Sedentarism in this way is a condition for affecting the health of the whole family.
"For these reasons, diabetes is gradually increasing, adding to it About 30% to 40% of diabetics who are currently in Peru do not have a diagnosis because they are silentThis person only perceives it when they have a problem in their legs, kidneys or eye, "warns Calderon's endocrinologist.
Diabetes is another 21st century disease, but it is among the first conditions that are most harmful to human health, According to President Adipro it is The main cause of amputation of the legs due to diabetic foot; This is also the main reason for dialysis in Peru and the world. Another aggravating factor is that it has become the main cause of blindness due to the separation of the retina.
"Two thirds of diabetics will die because they have cardiovascular disease either a myocardial infarction or a cerebrovascular accident, "Calderón adds.
Peru must learn the precautionary measures of neighboring countries
Some neighboring countries in South America have coordinated strategies for treating diabetes in their populations. Chile, Colombia, Argentina, Brazil These are countries where the state is responsible for diagnosing diabetes across the population.
"They evaluate every three years to see them glucose level, studies on the prevalence of diabetes at the population level. Chile has even some sort of disease census and better access to medicines, In Argentina, the state provides the patient with a glucometer machine, "says Calderón.
Endocrinologist on Diabetes Clinic Delgado Alberto Quintanilla makes it clear that the person must eat healthy and perform 150 minutes of body activity a week, as recommended by the WHO. That's because overweight and obesity These are the main causes of diabetes in Peru and the world.
Jorge Calderón de Adiper states that if one has any of the following conditions, it must be done annual glucose diagnosis to prevent diabetes: be over 40 years of age; To be overweight or obese; the history of diabetic relatives; women who delivered children with more than 4 kilograms and women with them gestational diabetes,