For the “terror” convicted, Saleh must still spend six years in prison. But Morocco hopes to gain its independence as soon as possible, thanks to a redistribution program that has helped it “to thrive” with the rest of society.
“I believe in the ideas that I think are right, including torture … thank God I have no blood on my hands,” Saleh told AFP in the Kenitra prison library near Rabat.
Arrested in 2002, he was sentenced to death “belonging to a terrorist cell and financing a terrorist project” before seeing his conviction change to a 30-year prison sentence in 2019 “Mosala”. (Reconciliation) Program was changed in 2019. The measure of flexibility.
Launched in 2015 by the Prison Administration (DGAPR) and various agencies, the program aims to help prisoners who are “terrorist” criminals who want to repent.
Since 2002, Morocco has racked up more than 2,000 jihadist jihadist cells in Morocco and arrested more than 3,500 people who are accused of belonging to extremist Islamic groups.
According to a security source in Rabat, 1,662 Moroccan fighters have been unplanned in the Syrian-Iraqi zone since 2011.
– “hand in” –
Saleh was forty-five years old, “through an Imam of Jama’at-e-Islamiyah in the 1990s,” through an Egyptian Salafist organization when he attended a mosque in Turin, in the north-west of the country, from where he immigrated. Yes, back to radicalism.
In 2001, he decided to “leave this country of unbelievers” with his family to settle in Afghanistan with the Taliban.
But the September 11 attacks spoiled his plans. He was forced to return to Morocco, where he was arrested, alleging that he belonged to a terrorist cell.
Saleh confesses that “I assume that those who are wrong do not follow the Shariah (Islamic law) and the states that attack Muslims”.
His belief was in the literal reading of religious texts, rejecting any other interpretation.
But many extremists “felt the need to get one of their extremist ideas off once they were alone”, explained AFP Mohammad Dameer, the death sentence terrorism in 2003 for “terrorism”.
The 47-year-old Moroccan says he felt this desire after years of imprisonment, but “with sincere sincerity as I became radicalized”.
He has since started a lengthy process to persuade authorities to “reach” prisoners like him.
In 2011, his sentence was changed to 30 years in prison, then released in 2017, after participating in the first edition of the “Mosala” program.
“The idea is a new approach, adopted in 2015, which includes, among other things, monitoring the evolution of criminals and helping those who want to question themselves,” said one of the DGAPRs. The officer explained, Gayle Idris. Agolam.
– “Sincerity” –
For Mohammed Dameer, his inclusion of the integer is the very end of a process that began with the study of French law.
“I discovered the concept of a social contract that allows everyone to live in peace since we are essentially different from one”, he says: “It was a decision maker in my evolution”.
The former ex-prisoner reads philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Voltaire, who said, “Islam is not far from the spirit of justice, equality and tolerance.
Saleh, too, “discovered human rights, which are not so foreign to Islam, despite some reservations.
In addition to religious issues, the “Mosala” program includes lectures on law and economics, and psychological support for three months.
A total of eight women, including a total of 207 prisoners, participated. Of those, 116 received a royal pardon and were released. Fifteen others have their sentence reduced.
Upon his release from prison, Mohammed Damir joined Rabita Mohammedia de Olmas, a government association that oversees the religious component of the program. He now supports those who want to do something illegal, “which is not always easy,” he admits.
“I question their sincerity: if you have sincerely followed that path (to Jihad) to attract the grace of God, that you may be wrong”, explained Mr. Demir.