The number of deaths in this case has doubled since 1990, making skin cancer a real public health problem. Despite these worrying data, skin cancer has one of the highest healing rates if detected early. In Romania, statistics are worrying because the survival rate of patients with skin cancer is only 60% (in the case of serious tumors). Romanian patients are involved in dermatology in advanced stages of the disease, while in Western Europe and the United States, even if the incidence is higher, the survival rate is also much higher to prevent screening and skin biopsy,
Prevention, the best opportunity to live
90% of Romanians are not aware of skin cancer (skin cancer), according to a study by the Dr. Foundation Leventera for skin health, but these statistics can be changed by annual skin screening and self-treatment monthly. "Skin diseases are the fourth leading cause of disability all over the world, including skin cancers, psoriasis, warts, acne, atopic dermatitis and seborrhoeic dermatitis and skin mycoses, with 80% of the disease being 80% rare diagnoses that require a lot of experience, "says dermatologist Gabriela Dodan.
Experts point out that screening and skin biopsy are necessary to properly diagnose most dermatological disorders, as there are more than 3,000 diagnoses with the same 5 clinical signs in dermatology. For example, in early stages, melanoma is very similar to already existing moth on the skin, and therefore there is a risk that the tumor is not recognized and escapes examination and treatment. In mosquitoes over 10 cm square, present at birth, the melanoma risk is about 450 times higher than in the general population. In people with more than 100 melams, the risk is seven times higher than those who have less than 15 moles. Other factors that may increase the number of new moles and the occurrence of melanoma include exposure to sun or artificial UV rays in solariums.
Most dermatological conditions are seen by patients, and doctors recommend a regular skin checkup. This can be done by a patient or a doctor through a skin projection. The consultation includes a dermatologist's check, accompanied by a number of questions about the patient's history of the skin. During the consultation, the entire body is checked with a dermatoscope. This magnifying glass helps doctors see the structure of the skin. The dermatologist may take snapshots to monitor some lesions during future consultations. In general, full skin control lasts 10 to 20 minutes, and biopsy is the only procedure that provides a safe diagnosis and is of fundamental importance in dermatological diagnostics, and especially in skin cancer. "To diagnose most dermatological conditions, a skin biopsy is required, and the physician recovers a piece of tissue through the process and sends it to the laboratory where the dermatopathologist examines it on the microscope.If it turns out to be cancer, part of the skin on the skin will provide information about her stage and if it turns out to be another dermatological condition, it provides a suitable treatment plan, "explains Dr. Dermatologist. Anca Stanciu.
Over the last decade (2008-2018), the number of diagnosed melanomas has increased worldwide by 53% each year.
"Every mole that appears after the age of 25 is suspicious and must be checked regularly Regular check is the most important means of tumor diagnosis in the early stages when it is still curable We should perform skin screening because we perform annual blood tests or maybe and the same category is part of a biopsy that, although it sounds scary, is just a trivial analysis, but the one that can save your life, and it's actually a small gesture that has a huge benefit. "(Dr. Mihaela Leventer, dermatologist)