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NASA News: Hubble pictures what will happen to the sun in 4 billion years | Science | News

When an aging star runs out of hydrogen to fuel a chain nuclear reaction, the star will become unstable, collapse and then grow dramatically in size. These so-called red giants are the result of gravity overcoming the force of nuclear fusion, which causes the star's core to become hotter and denser. Scientists believe our Sun will suffer the same fate in the far future when it swells in size to scorch the planes Mercury, Venus and Earth. In a photo shared by NASA, the Hubble Space Telescope snapped a glowing orb of gas created by an expanding red giant star.

The object in question is a so-called planetary nebula in the constellation Orion.

Dubbed NGC 2022, a planetary nebula is a ring-shaped cloud of stellar gas surrounding an aging star.

The European Space Agency (ESA), which operates with Hubble with NASA, said: "Although it looks more like an entity seen through a telescope than a microscope, this rounded object, named NGC 2022, is certainly not algae or tiny, blobby jellyfish.

"Instead, it's a vast orb of gas in space, cast by an aging star."

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The star is visible in the dead center of the ring with an intense red-orange hue with gas and shines.

Older and cooler stars will shift toward the red end of the spectrum – a sign they have entered the last stages of their lifecycle.

Our Sun, which appears to be glowing yellow, burns at the surface at about 9,932F degrees or 5,500C.

ESA said: "The star is visible in the center of the orb, chignon although the gasses have held it previously for most of its stellar life.

“When the stars like the sun grow advanced in age, they expand and glow red.

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"These so-called red giants then begin to lose their outer layers of material in space."

According to the space agency, more than half of a star's mass can be lost when forming a shell surrounding gas.

At the same time, the star's stellar core will shrink in size and grow hotter.

The core, in turn, emits more and more ultraviolet radiation, which sets the ejected gases aglow.

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