Cape Town – Failure to manage diversity is often at the root of controversy on the African continent, as we are seeing in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia, said South African President and President Dabo Mbeki.
Mbeki expressed this during a high-level United Nations debate on diversity and the State Building at the United Nations Headquarters in New York last week.
According to the UN, the meeting was chaired by Kenyan President Arroyo Kenyatta, as it has been found that most situations arise on the agenda of the Security Council, including internal disputes, issues such as ethnicity, ethnicity and ethnicity. , Religious or socio-economic, play. part of.
Kenya prepared a conceptual note before the debate.
The conceptual note states that most of the situations on the council’s agenda were born of domestic disputes, including rivers in which issues related to identity unappealing issues, ethnic or racial, ethnic, religious, prejudicial or socio-economic, are often the cause of conflict. To absorb fuel.
It has been noted that throughout history, such forms of identity anonymity have been “iported and transformed into tools of mobilization to counter economic resources and political power”.
In addition, it has been suggested that political activities and economic resources are the real or perceived and exclusion of groups as a source of violence and separatist movements.
Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame, as well as Fawzia Kofi, the first female deputy speaker of Afghanistan’s parliament, were present at the briefing.
Kagame and Mbaki practically informed the delegation.
In his opening statement, Mbeki said that a few years ago, the African Union made a bold decision to silence guns by AU 2020.
This meant that the political leadership of the continent saw that, finally, Africa had to rid itself of the curse of war and violent conflict, which lasted for all the years of independence, Mbeki said.
In this context, the African Head of State and the Government were fully aware of the critical need for sustainable Africa, which the Security Council has called for discussion.
“As the council knows, over the years, more or less standardized procedures have been implemented to resolve disputes that have arisen in Africa.”
Mbeki said the international community will intervene to ensure that the fighters have a ceasefire agreement. The peacekeeping force will then be appointed to ensure wartime compliance.
Interim government will be arranged, and a new constitution will be imposed. Elections will be held to form a new government, after which the peacekeeping mission is over, peace is achieved.
However, and in a very legitimate way, the question arises: Will this be sustainable peace?
“Five years ago, the World Peace Foundation prepared an important report titled” African Politics, African Peace “, implementing a request within the EU Peace Architecture to allow the Foundation to consider the future issue of peace missions in Africa. Should do
Among the yin reported:
It is important to centralize the “political priority” within the SAU responses and emphasize that “the role of politics in the design and implementation of peace operations”.
He went on to say: “Precautionary measures to prevent political crises and armed conflicts are a very important task for African peace missions. It demands extraordinary access to the highest levels of decision-makers with soundness and discretion.
Furthermore, the report states that it agrees with the “United Nations High Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) 2015”:
a. “Prioritizing politics” (and) driving the design and implementation of peace operations
B. “A new and stronger emphasis on conflict prevention.”
Mbeki added that this emphasis on the “priority of politics” emphasized that the resolution of disputes should not be carried out solely or exclusively with security considerations.
The “priority of politics” means that the resolution of the conflict must be resolved The main causes of the conflict and therefore the aim is not to silence the guns, as important as this, but to ensure lasting peace.
This focuses exactly on one central issue in this Security Council open discussion – the issue of diversity.
“Of course, my own personal experience, derived from involvement in conflict resolution on our continent, confirms the centrality of failure to properly manage diversity as one of the main causes of civil war and violent conflict. General Chat Chat Lounge
That experience belongs to countries such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, C .te d’Ivoire and Sudan, he said.
Mbeki said he would also recommend a study of the 2004 Sierra Leone Trade and Reconciliation Commission report, which barely states that it failed to tackle diversity that led to the country’s most expensive 11-year war experience. The second. Which began in 1991.
Likewise, we see a consequence of the failure to manage diversity in violent conflict, which has happened and is still continuing in Cameroon.
Mbeki highlighted one example, the ongoing military conflict in Ethiopia.
As you know, as guns were approaching, 2020, to silence the African Union year, the conflict was taking place in the hill region.
Mbeki said the challenge of properly tackling Ethiopia’s very obvious diversity is at the heart of the Tigris-based violent conflict.
He said the undeniable fact is that successful management of this diversity cannot and will not be achieved through the weapons of war.
Mbeki regretted that many members of the council had earlier said that fighters in Ethiopia should enter into a permanent ceasefire and one should join a comprehensive national dialogue, especially to agree on a consensus. They should do so in order to achieve the most important and grand goal of unity. Diversity.
At the end of the Biafra war in Nigeria in 1970, the winning national leaders announced that they would follow a “no winner, no defeat” policy.
This is what Ethiopia should do, Mbeki said.
Mbeki said he wants to propose that, as it fulfills its obligation to maintain international peace and security, the tree of acceptance of the United Nations Security Council should move forward on the “political priority”.
“Therefore, its interventions will help create lasting peace and help build the state as it faces challenges such as proper management of diversity,” said the former South African president.
Conflict on the African continent is complicated, with the intersection of many factors, such as the desire for power and control of resources from external states, racial tensions, genocide, xenophobia and corruption, says the Dabo Mbeki Foundation.
These factors are seriously impeding the economic and social development of the continent. The Foundation says it recognizes that there is a dire need to resolve conflicts of viable and sustainable methods and build peace on the continent.
| African News Agency (ANA)